Radicalisation refers to the process by which a person comes to support terrorism and extremism leading to terrorism
Extremism is defined by Government in the Prevent strategy as: Vocal or active opposition to fundamental British values, including democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty and mutual respect and tolerance of different faiths and beliefs. Also included in the definition of extremism are calls for the death of members of our armed forces
Terrorism is defined by Government as “The use of violence in order to accomplish political, religious or social objectives”. Terrorism is a criminal act that influences an audience beyond the immediate victim. Its effectiveness is not in the act itself but the impact on Government and the public
While it remains rare for children and young people to become involved in terrorist activity. They can be exposed to terrorist and extremist influences or prejudiced views from a young age. These can include through the influence of family members or friends and/or direct contact with extremist groups and organisations or, increasingly, through the internet.
This can put a young person at risk of being drawn into illegal activity and has the potential to cause significant harm.
The risk of radicalisation is the product of a number of factors and identifying this risk requires that staff exercise their professional judgement, seeking further advice as necessary. It may be combined with other vulnerabilities or may be the only risk identified.
Prevent is part of the national counter-terrorism strategy and aims to stop people being drawn into or supporting terrorism.
Prevent has a strong link to safeguarding because vulnerable children and adults can be susceptible to radicalisation and recruitment into terrorist organisations.
In summary, the duty applies to:
The Prevent strand of the strategy focuses on three key areas which are:
Channel is a multi-agency panel of public sector agencies including Portsmouth City Council, Hampshire Constabulary, the Clinical Commissioning Groups, Youth Offending Service, Mental Health Trust and the Probation Service. The panel also draws in other representatives on a case-by-case basis when it is relevant to do so.
The aim of the panel is to protect and divert individuals away from radicalisation and to do so before they have been drawn into terrorism. In doing so, the intended outcome is that both the individual and the wider community are kept safe.
Individuals referred to the panel are assessed to see what risk they pose to themselves and to others and a plan is drawn up to support them. Referrals can come from a variety of sources, for examples, schools, the local authority, the community or the police.
Potential indicators include:
Any member of staff who identifies such concerns, for example as a result of observed behaviour or reports of conversations to suggest the child supports terrorism and/or violent extremism, must report these concerns to the named or designated safeguarding professional in their organisation or agency, who will consider what further action is required. Please see further details on the Prevent Channel process here.
Concerns about radicalisation and extremism are treated in the same way as other safeguarding issues, including physical, emotional and sexual abuse. The first step is to submit the Prevent National Referral Form (NRF) to email@example.com The form will be forwarded to the local authority safeguarding team and the Prevent policing team for a joint assessment. A link to the NRF can be found here
Worried about a child – If you are concerned that a child or young person has suffered harm, neglect or abuse, please contact
If a child is at immediate risk of harm, call the Police on 999
What do you need to do as an organisation?
Safeguarding Children and Young People Against Radicalisation and Violent Extremism Procedure – available on the HIPS Safeguarding Children Procedures Manual website
Prevent Duty guidance produced by the Home Office
Counter Terrorism Police have launched their new Prevent campaign, Act Early. The campaign includes the launch of a dedicated police website aimed at the family and friends of potentially vulnerable individuals. It utilises real stories to help resonate with the target audience and provide an emotional driver. This poster contains links to the website, and links to useful information that you can all use to support this campaign.
The prevent duty for schools & childcare providers – practical guidance to keep children safe from the risk of radicalisation and extremism